This Proton-Electron Pair calculator is accessible from anywhere in the website using the shortcut key; "Alt" + "e".
The "Reset" button clears all calculations on the page and reinstalls default values (this button may not respond in the FireFox browser).
Reset can also be achieved by pressing the "F5" key.
Hover your cursor over the symbols for an associated description.
The proton-electron pair is a single proton orbited by a single electron partner. It exists as such when isolated as a hydrogen atom (H), and also when fused with other proton-electron pairs as elements of any atomic number.
The outer limits of universal temperature are; 2.7255K < Ṯ < and 623316124.717178K.
You will notice that if the upper limit (Ṯₙ) is entered, the electron will be orbiting at light-speed and the neutronic radius.
And because the potential energy between the proton and its electron partner in circular orbits (such as in the proton-electron pair) is twice the electron's kinetic energy (PE:KE):
@ 'Ṯₙ' ; PE = 2 . ½.m.c² = PE = m.c²
The coupling ratio is the ratio of; magnetic force (Gilbert & Newton) and electrical force (Coulomb).
If the model and the calculation are both correct, this ratio should remain constant irrespective of temperature.
If the units are per-second, this ratio should be √φ.
If the units are per-second-squared, this ratio should be φ.
Full downloadable versions of this calculator is available from this website at; Atoms.Return to the top of the page