Subject
Resistance to water particle acceleration and velocity induces forces due to drag and added mass on an immersed structural body  e.g. a wall, brace, transom, pile, etc.  which may be applied at any depth, inclination, orientation and/or buried/anchored in the seabed.
The best known theory for this conversion was developed by Morison, which is based upon drag and added mass coefficients, and is used to calculate the forces in this calculator.
You may calculate these forces independently from the water particle velocities and accelerations using our Waves calculator, or directly using this calculator, which identifies the force profiles through the wave and through the water column.
The data matrix generated in Waves+ may be post processed in a suitable spredsheet to identify the stresses and deflections in the structural body.
This calculator is not designated as a supplement to the Waves calculator, but as an alternative. If you don't need to calculate forces, Waves will suffice.
For help using this calculator see Technical Help
For all of the calculation options, the input and output data are as follows:
You enter: 
and the ocean waves calculator will provide: 


Wave length

Time through wave

Distance through wave

Wave number

Wave speed

Wave celerity

Wave profile

Horizontal water particle velocity

Vertical water particle velocity

Horizontal acceleration

Vertical acceleration

Wave surface gradient (or slope)

Data listing: velocity & acceleration; in water column

drag coefficient in horizontal direction

drag coefficient in vertical direction

added mass coefficient in horizontal direction

added mass coefficient in vertical direction

density of medium (e.g. seawater)

height above seabed of bottom of structural member

width of structural member; dimension normal to wave direction @ γ=0

thickness of structural member; dimension parallel to wave direction @ γ=0

length of structural member

projected width of structural member @ 'β' normal to wave direction

horizontal crosssectional area @ 'β' of structural member

vertical crosssectional area @ 'β' of structural member

inclination of structural member (β = 90° = vertical)

orientation of structural member (γ = 0° = parallel to wave direction)

number of increments force listing

Force listing: through wave and water column

For optional input:

projected with of rectangular member

horizontal area of rectangular member

vertical area of rectangular member

horizontal area of circular member

projected with of circular member

vertical area of circular member

Check minimum system requirements