Subject
Vectors
Cartesian and Polar coordinates are two different methods used to describe the magnitude and direction of a vector.
Cartesian coordinates are the two or threedimensional linear distances (x,y,z) from a known point or origin to the end of a vector.
Polar coordinates are the angular orientations (α & β) of a vector along with its length (V) defined from a known point or origin.
Map CoOrdinates
LatitudeLongitude angles and UTM distances are used to define a point on a curved or (flattened) surface.
Latitude and Longitude are the vertical and horizontal angles (respectively) that define a point on the surface of a sphere (such as a planet) with respect to a fixed vertical meridian (Longitude) and a fixed horizontal meridian (Latitude). These meridians can also be used as datums from which to define surface distances to the same point.
Calculator
Coordinates converts between Cartesian and Polar vector coordinates and also between spherical latitudelongitude angles and UTM distances.
The coordinates calculator includes four calculation options; Cartesian to Polar (Vectors) & Polar to Cartesian (Vectors), Angle to Distance (LatLong) and Distance to Angle (LatLong).
For help using this calculator see Technical Help
CoOrdinate Calculator  Options
'Cartesian to Polar' calculation option, which applies vector coordinates.
You enter: 
and coordinate calculator will provide: 


Vector (length)

Horizontal angle

Vertical angle

'Polar to Cartesian' calculation option, which applies to vector coordinates.
You enter: 
and coordinate calculator will provide: 


Distance x

Distance y

Distance z

'Angle to Distance' calculation option, which applies to map or grid coordinates.
You enter: 
and coordinate calculator will provide: 


N/S distance

E/W distance

'Distance to Angle' calculation option, which applies to map or grid coordinates.
You enter: 
and coordinate calculator will provide: 


Latitude angle

Longitude angle

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