Gravity is the potential energy between all masses due to the non-polar magnetic charge in their atomic particles.

That 'gravity is magnetism' changes nothing in terms of force and energy in the laws of motion. Isaac Newton remains correct. Identical results may be achieved either by using gravity as explained by Isaac Newton, or by using magnetism as described by William Gilbert and Hendrik Lorentz. However, whilst we know exactly what magnetism is, and can explain it in terms of energy, not even the great man himself knew what gravity is and how it works.

All matter comprises atomic particles, each of which carries an electrical charge (±e, ±eꞌ, 0) and a magnetic charge (mₑ, mₚ, mₙ).

Lorentz' formula for magnetic attractive force may be used to explain potential energy in terms of non-polar magnetism:

F = q.v².B/R = q.v² / RC.R

B = 1/RC

Where: 'q' is charge, 'v' is relative velocity, and 'B' is the magnetic field. However, when the attracting masses are stationary, the relative velocity in this formula must be modified to use the potential acceleration and radial separation between the two masses. Lorentz used electrical charge 'q' in his formula, but it actually applies to magnetic charge 'm'.

To explain: Any two attracting masses (m₁ & m₂) may be described in terms of their magnetic charges (m₁ & m₂), which, in the case of an atom, are numerically equal to the elementary charge unit (e). Because we already know that every particle possesses a known charge, we can determine the total charge (q) in any mass (m) as follows: q = m.e/mₑ where: mₑ is the mass of an electron

Lorentz' magnetic force formula; F = q.v/RC is not very helpful for calculating the magnetic force between stationary particles but because;

g = v²/R ...

... we can transform Lorentz' force formula for potential (rather than kinetic) force (F) and energy (E) as follows:

F = q.g/RC (kg.m/s²)

E = q.g.R/RC (kg.m²/s²)

Which can be corroborated with Newton's and Coulomb's formulas for the magnetic potential energy between a proton and its orbiting electron:

PE = e.v²/RC {J}

&

F = PE/R {N}

All of which is simply Lorentz' formula in a format suitable for stationary masses.

**Exactly** the same potential energy (PE) between a proton and its orbiting electron can be found using any and all of the following formulas:

Category | Formula | Calculation Result | Units |
---|---|---|---|

Orbital (Newton): | PE = mₑ.g.R | 3.94042969432572E-20 | J |

Potential (Newton): | PE = G/φ . mₑ.mₚ/R | 3.94042969432572E-20 | J |

Electrical (Coulomb): | PE = k.e²/R | 3.94042969432572E-20 | J |

Magnetic (Lorentz & Dixon-Roche): | PE = e/RC . g.R | 3.94042969432572E-20 | J |

Heat (Dixon-Roche): | PE = Ṯ.kB.Y | 3.94042969432572E-20 | J |

Energy Calculation MethodsAbove calculation example: @ Ṯ = 300K; v = 207982.67075397 m/s (electron velocity) g = 7.38815108322488E+18 m/s² (potential acceleration between mₚ and mₑ) R = 5.85488721693451E-09 m (electron orbital radius) Where: electron; mₑ = 9.1093897E-31 {kg} proton; mₚ = 1.67262163783E-27 {kg} e = 1.60217648753E-19 {C} RC = 1.75881869180545E+11 {C/kg} |

The two important constants here are Isaac Newton's gravitational constant (G) and Coulomb's constant (k), both of which are based upon the properties of Quanta. It is important, therefore, to establish their relationship to each other.

Because exactly the same forces and energies can be obtained using Lorentz's, Coulomb's and Newton's force formulas in both celestial and atomic matter, it is clear that gravity is magnetism.

Therefore, we can apply the same argument to celestial bodies:

Coulomb's constant:

k = Rₙ.mₑ.c²/e² = 8.98755184732667E+09 {kg.m³ / s².C²}

Newton's gravitational constant:

G = aₒ.c² / ρᵤ = 6.67359232004332E-11 {m³ / kg.s² per m³}

= k.e².φ / mₑ.mₚ = 6.67359232004332E-11 {m³ / kg.s²}

F = G.m₁.m₂/R²

After dividing out the mass components:

m₁.m₂ ÷ mₑ.mₚ, we get a product of particles 'n₁.n₂'

Let Gₑ = k.e².φ = 1.01682605280249E-67 kg.m³ / s²

And rewriting Newton's force formula thus: F = Gₑ.n₁.n₂ / R²

we get identical results to above, but it is now in terms of charge units.

This calculation for the electrical potential energy between the sun and the earth at its perigee, gives: PE = 1.2208949335E+73 J, whereas the potential energy is: PE = 5.380981972219E+33 J, the difference between the two is the coupling ratio; 'φ': magnetic charge ÷ electrical charge!

Joseph Henry created the magnetic field constant '*μ*', which applies to atomic particles. But it can be modified for the proton-electron pair like this:

*μₚ* = mₚ.R/e²; where 'R' is the orbital radius of the electron

which is the magnetic field generated by the electrical charge in a proton-electron pair's proton (e' = RC.mₚ.v/c); where v is the orbital velocity of the electron.

And the force formula for the magnetic field is; F_{m} = *μₚ*.I²; where 'I' is the internal current within the proton-electron pair, which is calculated like this;

I = e.g/v; where 'g' is the potential acceleration between the proton electron pair and 'v' is the electron's orbital velocity.

And the electrical force between two particles may be calculated like this;

F = G/φ.(mₚ/R²)

don't forget; gravitational force ÷ electrical force is the coupling ratio (φ).

And here we have the calculation results at various temperatures ...

Temperature (K) | Newton’s Force (N) | Henry’s Force (N) |
---|---|---|

Ṯₓ | 5.7295566068E-13 | 5.7295566068E-13 |

300 | 1.4440587638E-06 | 1.4440587638E-06 |

5778 | 4.5998960144E-06 | 4.5998960144E-06 |

Ṯₙ | 5.3346716419E+04 | 5.3346716419E+04 |

Newton & Henry |

... which speaks for itself.

Whilst magnetic energy is accrued, electrical energy is shared, locking the electrical attractive energy between an electron and its proton at the atomic level. This [electrical] energy does not pass beyond the atom. I.e. 'Gₑ' may only be used instead of 'G' in Isaac newton's formula for the atom. 'Gₑ' cannot be used for the calculation of lunar, solar or galactic orbital systems; conclusively demonstrating that Isaac Newton's laws of orbital motion apply equally well to atoms.

Moreover, it unites Newton's gravitational laws of orbital motion with those for the atom, something that cannot, and no doubt ever will be the case for quantum theory.

It is no longer necessary to use the term gravity; Gravity is Magnetism.

You will find further reading on this subject in reference publications^{(68, 69, & 70)}