# Battery Calculator v1

Price: £25.00 (£25.00 Inc. VAT)

## Subject

An electrical battery is a packet of ionised [metal] matter that may be used to power an electrical circuit or mechanical equipment.
The mass of ionised matter (in the battery) will vary with operational conditions; period and ambient temperature. Today, we guestimate the mass required in a battery based upon factors, which can be out by a significant margin;
for example; 'thundersaidenergy' claims that lithium has an ionisation energy of between 200 and 300 W.h/kg (720000 < HC < 1080000 J/kg), whereas, at 300K, it actually possesses 848061.556684849 J/kg. An alternative estimate is based upon '3-grams' of lithium per W.hr, which is also a guess. And both of these guestimates are for lithium only.

In reality, you can ionise any elemental atom, so you could (in theory) use any elemental-ion in a battery. Today batteries tend to use lithium as the ionised matter, because it is the smallest viscous atom and has the highest specific energy.

CalQlata's calculator does not guess the mass of a ionised matter, it calculates exactly. The only thing you need to add to CalQlata's output is the contingency, which is usually (but not necessarily) ≤+10% dependent upon the cathode substance.

## Calculator

Battery accurately calculates the mass of any elemental matter that would be needed to operate a specific electrical circuit, for a specific period, at a specific temperature.

It will also calculate the mass of the ionised metal based upon the commonly quoted factor; 3-grammes per Watt-hour, for comparison only. Albeit this is not a value recommended by CalQlata.

Battery requires only four inputs and an element selection to generate a result.

For help using this calculator, see Technical Help

## Battery Calculator - Options

#### Battery

Battery calculates the mass of elemental matter needed to run a specified electrical circuit.

You enter: and the battery calculator will provide:
• Elemental matter (hydrogen to uranium)
• Output power
• Operational temperature
• Operational period
• Percentage [battery] mass
• Calculated mass
• Estimated mass
• Energy capacity [per unit battery mass]

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